Podkarpackie: archaeologists have discovered a Greek amphora of 2.5 thousand. years

A Greek amphora dating to the second half of the 7th century. to VI in. p.n.e discovered archaeologists from the University of Rzeszow (UR) during their research in Chotyniec (Subcarpathian). This is the first such finding in Poland and, according to scientists, a monument of great importance.

Excavations in Chotyniec, Jaroslaw district, had been underway since June, when the remains of a fortified settlement there dating back to ca. 2.5 thousand. years. An agglomeration of more than a dozen settlements centered around theoThe stronghold belonged to the Scythiansow – a nomadic warrior peopleoin whichowho from the 8th to the 4th century B.C. created an empire from Asia to Europe. This is the farthest on the ponorthwestod Europe’s advanced remains of this type.

UR archaeologists have come across fragments of a wine vessel in the so-called “wine cellar”. zolnik, or cult and ritual site, typical of Scythian settlements. The vessel was successfully glued together from the discovered piecesoin and reconstruct. The work lasted two days.

Research group member Dr. Katarzyna Trybała-Zawiślak of the Institute of Archaeology at the University of Rzeszów said in an interview with PAP that the amphora is almost complete, which, she noted, is rare at Scythian strongholds.

– Parts, fragments of vessels are found quite often, but an almost complete vessel is indeed unique – she explained. The cracked vessel is painted with red stripes, has two ears, and is approx. 60 cm.

Right next to the amphora were found animal bones, probably of a boar or pig. According to Dr. Trybała-Zawiślak, these are the remnants of a feast of Scythian aristocracy.

As she explained, probably after the feast was over, the revelers broke the amphora, whichora for them was merely a vessel for the wine, a container, and represented no greater value.

– Of greater importance to them was the content, i.e. the wine, rather than the vessel itself, ktore was simply packaging for them and after the feast they broke them. A picture like this comes to mind: they feasted, ate, drank and threw away the package – described the archaeologist.

Scientists also took for specialized research probki of the earth adjacent to someorych fragmentsow. They may provide new information about the vessel’s contents. Dr. Trybała-Zawiślak assessed that through this one discovery we are symbolically entering the circle of the culture of the śroDAILY MORNING. – Scythian aristocracy enjoyed good Greek wine, she added.

The vessel was unearthed during the final days of archaeological work carried out this year in the Chotyniec settlement. They will be resumed next year and will continue for several more years. OpoAt the scientific conference, which took place in the city, the scientists discovered there also other fragments of ceramics, a lot of bronze spearheadsoIn typical Scythian, elements of ornamentationob, bronze pins, spinners, clay bobbins.