Archaeologists have discovered a lost castle in Bory Dolnoslaskie
In the area of Bory Dolnośląskie archaeologists have found the remains of a castle, belonging to the Piast prince Bolko II the Small (zm. in 1368 r.) – The last independent Piast prince ruling in Silesia.
The ruins are located in the village of Novosh, which was abandoned after 1945oIn (Neuhuas) on the border of woj. Lubusz and Lower Silesia.
– The castle we discovered was so far known only from medieval documentsow. This was because the area in which ktorym there are its remains, it is located on a training ground used until the 1990s. last century,” Dr. Pawel Konczewski of the Department of Anthropology at Wrocław University of Life Sciences told PAP. The research is the first comprehensive scientific project on the site’s past.
The castle was not a very grand structure. Based on uncovered fragments ofow Konczewski supposes that it was a single tower erected on a rectangular plan. Its foundation was made of turf ore. The superstructure consisted in part of characteristic bricks-shovelsowek – their name comes from the traceow after the imprints of the craftsmanoin whichoers removed excess clay while making bricks.
So far, however, no one has associated the remains of the wall visible in the fieldow – with the medieval castle, as over time another structure was built over the ruins of the. Identification was only made possible by a recent architectural analysis.
As Konczewski explains, the owner of the castle – Bolko II the Small – was one of the more talented princes from the Piast familyoin Silesia. He managed to unite the Duchy of Świdnica and Jawor. He was also the margrave of Lower Lusatia. Meanwhile, during his reign, i.e. in the mid-14th century., Silesia was very fragmented and consisted of many small principalities. Bolko II was the last independent Piast prince ruling in Silesia.
– It was territorial expansion that contributed to this ruler’s decision to build new closedoin or expansion of older fortresses,” says the archaeologist.
Castle, whichory archaeologists have discovered within the Nowoszow, a settlement abandoned in 1945., was created as part of a route connecting the extensive domains of the duke’s. It is located on an island in the Czerna Wielka River.
– Bolko II had a new route laid out – in order to save time and take the lead in trade. On its route stood a castle, wokoł ktorego in time, a settlement was established. Its inhabitants were engaged in iron smelting, ktorego rich deposits were located in the area, the scientist adds.
– Laser scanning done from an aircraft proved helpful in locating the castle, the researcher says. The technology makes it possible to look under the vegetation and detect land forms or architecture.
Currently, archaeologists are investigating the medieval village of Hutnikow. So far, they have come across several sites, with ktoThe ore was mined shallow underground, which is why it was mined in the wayob opencast. They have also uncovered extensive heaps of smelter slag. – So far it has not been possible to locate the furnaceow – adds Konczewski.
The castle – unlike the settlement – existed for only a few years. After the death of Bolek II, the townspeople of nearby Zgorzelec spread a rumor, according to whichoThe Neuhaus castle was taken over by the disarmedoynica. They were supposed to be raiding the merchantoin following the route marked out by the prince’s.
As the archaeologist tells us, they did this because merchants using the new trade route avoided Zgorzelec. Thus, the Zgorzelec people lost income on shipping duties. The pacification of the castle was carried out by virtue of the privilege granted to them by Emperor Charles IV to destroy the nests of robbersoThe settlement was established in cooperation with the Department ofojnikow.
Archaeologists are still working in the field. They are waiting to perform geophysical surveys, ktore will help gather more information about the castle and its infrastructure, as well as the shape of the medieval settlement.
– We have been able to draw all the conclusions so far without excavations. The area we studied is a particularolarly protected due tooin nature. As you can see, a shovel is not always necessary to make discoveries, the scientist points out.
The research is being carried out by the foundation "Lusatia yesterday and today" In wspoIn cooperation with the Department of Anthropology of the Wroclaw University of Life Sciences and the University of West Bohemia in Pilsen, and the State Forests.